8 Steps to Create a Good Rubric for Writing Assignments & 7 Digital Tools to Use

May 15, 2024

When it comes to grading student essays, a Rubric for writing assignments can be an invaluable tool for teachers. This helps create clear and consistent expectations for both students and educators, making the grading process more efficient and transparent. Whether you're grading a simple short answer response or a complex research paper, a well-designed Rubric for writing assignments can be a game-changer. Explore some of the best tools for teachers to get started.

What Is a Rubric?

professor trying to create Rubric For Writing Assignments

A rubric is a great way to define in writing what is expected of the student to get a particular grade on an assignment. Heidi Goodrich Andrade, a rubric expert, defines a rubric as "a scoring tool that lists the criteria for a piece of work or 'what counts,'" It is a helpful tool for both teachers and students. For instance, a rubric for an essay might tell students that their work will be judged based on purpose, organization, details, voice, and mechanics.

Why Use Rubrics for Writing Assignments?

Rubrics help students and teachers define "quality," which is crucial in any assignment. When students regularly use rubrics to judge their own work, they become more responsible for the end product, which can cut down on unnecessary questions. 

Rubrics reduce the time teachers spend grading student work and make it easier for teachers to explain to students why they received a specific grade and what they can do to enhance their work. Parents usually appreciate the rubrics concept once they understand it, and they find rubrics useful when helping with homework. As one of my colleagues says: "They know exactly what their child needs to do to be successful."

4 Elements of a High-Quality Rubric

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1. Criteria: The Foundation of Rubric Design

A rubric's efficacy hinges upon its criteria. Criteria are the measurement tools that determine the success of the assignment, which should be crafted from assignments, grading sheets, checklists, or insights from colleagues. For instance, when assessing a term paper, typical criteria might include components like the introduction, thesis, arguments or analysis, grammar and punctuation, spelling, internal citations, conclusion, and references.

2. Levels of Performance: Setting the Bar

Levels of performance play a pivotal role in rubric design. These often take the form of adjectives that describe varying levels of performance. For instance, terms like excellent, good, fair, poor can paint a clear picture of one's performance. 

Designating distinct levels of performance helps students understand what exactly is expected of them, enabling more objective and consistent assessment. Descriptors may not always be necessary, but they certainly aid in achieving objectivity by providing clarity about performance expectations.

3. Scores: Quantifying Quality

Scores represent the numerical values assigned to each criterion and are frequently intertwined with performance levels. To gauge the proper range of performance, educators must determine the number of points necessary to comprehensively capture the diversity of performance levels they anticipate. This might involve numbers such as 1, 2, 3, 4, 5 or 2, 4, 6, 8 to encapsulate the scope of performance.

4. Descriptors: Fine-Tuning Feedback

Descriptors serve as explicit depictions of performance levels, outlining how scores are determined and what students are expected to deliver. By distinctly stating each level of performance for every criterion, educators can differentiate between the performance of individual students and bolster objectivity. Detailed and descriptive descriptors are crucial in distinguishing between varying performance levels, enhancing objectivity and aiding in precise evaluation.

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  • Replicate their grading rubrics (so AI doesn't have to do the guesswork to set the grading criteria)
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2 Main Types of Rubrics

a powerful cue - Rubric For Writing Assignments

1. Analytic Writing Rubrics

These rubrics detail the performance criteria and scoring system for a product created by a student.


  • Allow scoring to reflect the weight of various aspects of an assignment.
  • Provide very useful feedback to students and instructors on skills that require further development.
  • Helps students develop and instructors adapt activities/assessments to student needs.
  • Useful tool for students.

When to Use

  • Detailed feedback is desired for student and/or instructor development
  • Multiple graders for uniform scoring.
  • Illustration of strengths and weaknesses is desired.


  • Grading criteria for written assignments (45 points per assignment).
  • Criteria: Clarity, Mechanics, Structure.

2. Holistic Writing Rubrics

These rubrics have one score for all components of a project and judge the entire project as one piece.


Focus on what the student has accomplished in the project without providing feedback on weaknesses.

When to Use

  • Multiple responses could be correct.
  • The objective is overall proficiency without targeting specific criteria/goals.


  • Grading criteria for written assignments (3 points per assignment).
  • Scores: 3 (Exceeds Expectations), 2 (Meets Expectations), 1 (Needs Improvement), 0 (Low Performance).

8 Steps to Create a Good Rubric for Writing Assignments

student thinking about Rubric For Writing Assignments

1. Analyze the assignment

Analyzing the assignment is crucial in ensuring that the rubric accurately reflects the learning objectives and expectations of the task. By considering the purpose of the assignment, breaking it down into smaller tasks, and envisioning what different levels of achievement would look like, instructors can set a solid foundation for the rubric.

2. Decide what kind of rubric you will use

The type of rubric chosen can significantly impact the feedback given to students. Holistic rubrics offer an overall judgment, whereas analytic/descriptive rubrics provide detailed feedback on individual criteria. Single-point rubrics focus on proficiency, allowing for more personalized feedback.

3. (Optional): Look for templates and examples

Exploring existing rubrics can provide a starting point for creating a rubric tailored to the assignment's specific needs. It's essential to ensure that the rubric aligns with the assignment's description and learning objectives.

4. Define the assignment criteria

Defining the grading criteria involves identifying the knowledge and skills being measured. Collaboration with colleagues and students can help in determining effective criteria that are observable, essential, and distinct.

5. Design the rating scale

Creating a rating scale with 3-5 levels involves considering the possible levels of achievement for the assignment and determining the number of levels for each criterion. The scale should be clear, comprehensible, and logically organized.

6. Write descriptions for each level of the rating scale

Crafting descriptions for each level of the rating scale ensures that students understand the expectations at different levels of achievement. Well-written descriptions should be observable, parallel, and indicate the degree to which standards are met.

7. Create your rubric

After developing descriptions for each level, the rubric can be created using tools like Word, Google Docs, or online rubric creators. The rubric should be structured in a table format or spreadsheet for clarity.

8. Pilot-test your rubric

Before implementing the rubric, obtaining feedback from colleagues, teacher assistants, and students can provide valuable insights. Pilot-testing the rubric on a sample of student work allows for refinement and improvement based on its effectiveness.

7 Digital Tools to Create an Effective Rubric for Writing Assignments

man making notes whilst working on Rubric For Writing Assignments

1. EssayGrader: AI Grading Automation for Efficient Evaluation

EssayGrader is an innovative AI platform designed to streamline the process of grading essays. With the ability to replicate teacher grading rubrics, this tool ensures precise evaluations in a fraction of the time. It offers features such as custom rubric creation, bulk essay uploads, and an AI detector to catch artificially generated content.

2. Rubistar: Free Web-Based Tool for Customizing PBL Rubrics

Rubistar is a valuable web-based generator that empowers educators to craft or adapt rubrics for project-based learning activities. Teachers can choose from a variety of pre-made rubrics or create their own personalized versions, providing a tailored assessment experience for students.

3. Rubric Maker: Streamlining the Assessment Process with Quality Criteria

Rubric Maker is a tool that helps instructors articulate evaluation expectations and establish clear goals for student success. By utilizing predefined performance ratings or customizing rubrics, teachers can create structured assessment criteria that align with specific learning objectives.

4. Quick Rubric: Enhancing Grading Accuracy and Objectivity

Quick Rubric is a versatile tool that enables educators to evaluate student performance across various assignments, including essays and oral presentations. With the option to customize rubrics based on performance levels and criteria, teachers can eliminate grading bias and ensure consistent evaluations.

5. OrangeSlice: Teacher Rubric: Google Add-On for Productive Grading

OrangeSlice: Teacher Rubric is a Google add-on that simplifies the grading process for teachers using Google Classroom. By incorporating objective feedback and customizable rubric generation, this tool promotes efficiency and consistency in assessment practices.

6. TeAch-nology: Diverse Rubric Templates for Easy Grading

TeAch-nology offers a wide range of rubric templates for different activities, providing educators with the flexibility to assess various student outputs objectively. With over five hundred printable rubrics and a user-friendly rubric generator, teachers can ensure fair and consistent grading practices.

7. NEO LMS: Integrated Rubric Feature for Seamless Grading

NEO LMS includes a rubrics feature that allows teachers to create, edit, and reuse rubrics within the platform. By integrating rubrics directly into the assignment submission process, educators can ensure transparency, consistency, and objectivity in their grading procedures.

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By replicating grading rubrics, setting custom criteria, grading essays by class, detecting AI-generated content, and summarizing essays, EssayGrader streamlines the grading process for teachers. With over half a million essays graded by 30,000+ educators worldwide, this AI tool has proven to be a valuable asset in the education sector. By integrating EssayGrader into their workflow, teachers can save up to 95% of their grading time, allowing for more personalized feedback and a more efficient grading process.

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